webAfriqa Library

UNESCO — General History of Africa
Volume I. Methodology and African Prehistory

Joseph Ki-Zerbo, ed. 1981, 820 pp.

List of figures

  1. Diagrammatic language map of Africa
  2. Physical map of Africa
  3. Mineral resources of Africa
  4. Graphs showing analogies between oxygen isotopes (or temperature variations) and the intensity of the earth's magnetic field
    1. Graphs showing analogies between temperatures indicated by the microfauna and the magnetic inclination for the last two million years
    2. Surface water isotherm map of the Atlantic Ocean for February, 1800 BP
    3. Map showing differences in surface water temperature of the Atlantic Ocean in the winter, between 17 000 (or 18 coo) BP and the present day
    4. Map showing differences in surface water temperature of the Atlantic Ocean in summer, between 17 000 (or 18 000) BP and the present day
    5. Comparative evolution of African lakes over the last 30 000 years
    6. Relative evolution of rainfall evaporation ratio in the Chad Basin 0(13—18° N) over the last 12 000 years
    7. Variations in lake level in the Afar Basins
    8. Map of classical fossil-bearing localities of the Pliocene/Pleistocene era in East Africa
    9. Chronology and the tempo of' cultural change during the Pleistocene, in calibration of hominoid evolution
    10. Generalized trends in global climate for the past million years
    11. Radiometric and palaeomagnetic aspects of the Pliocene/Peistocene time range in eastern Africa, south-western Europe and western North America
  5. Palaeontological data
  6. Africa: important hominid sites
  7. East Africa: important Stone Age sites
    1. Early Stone Age, first phase: typical Oldowan (‘pebble’) tools
    2. Early Stone Age, second phase: typical Acheulian hand-axe
    3. Early Stone Age, second phase: typical Acheulian pick
    4. Early Stone Age, second phase: typical Acheulian cleaver
    5. Middle Stone Age and transitional tools
    6. Late Stone Age: thumbnail scraper, backed blade and crescent
  8. Late Pliocene/earlier Pleistocene main faunal and fossil man localities in southern Africa
    1. Lower Acheulian hand-axe, flake and two core choppers from the Middle Breccia, Sterkfontein
    2. The distribution of Acheulian sites in southern Africa
    3. Upper Acheulian tools from Kalambo Falls, Zambia
    4. Wooden implements from Pleistocene sites in southern Africa
    5. The distribution of Fauresmith and Sangoan sites in southern Africa
    6. Artefacts from Sangoan assemblages in the Zambesi Valley, near Livingstone, Zambia
    7. Upper Pleistocene and some post-Pleistoccne fossil man sites in southern Africa
    8. Tools of the Pietersburg and Bambata Industries from the Cave of Hearths, Transvaal, and Bambata Cave, Zimbabwe
    9. Middle Stone Age industry from Twin Rivers, typical of the Brachystegia woodlands of Zambia
    10. Middle Stone Age artefacts from Witkrans Cave, typical of the equipment of hunters in the Karroo/Kalahari thornveld
    11. Tools of the Middle Stone Age
    12. Lupemban Industrial Complex from Kalambo Falls, associated with Brachystegia woodland and evergreen forest
    13. Distribution of utilized blades and blade fragments in relation to dolerite boulder structures on a living site at Orangia, Orange Free State
    14. Tools from Howieson's Poort sites belonging to Group IV of the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa
    15. Tools of the Later Stone Age Wilton Complex Crescent adze-flake or scraper in chert, mounted in mastic, with rhino-horn handle, from a cave at Plettenberg Bay, eastern Cape Province, South Africa
  9. Central Africa: places mentioned in the text
    1. Central Africa: vegetation zones
  10. Principal sites of Saharan paintings and pack engravings
    1. Pottery from Akreijit, Mauritania
  11. West Africa: vegetation zones
  12. Latitudinal zoning of the African continent
    1. Ecosystems of the African continent
    2. Cradles of African agriculture
    3. Geo-cultural sketch map of Africa

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